Athens is a city and the county seat of Henderson County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 12,710. The city has called itself the “Black-Eyed Pea Capital of the World.” Athens was selected as one of the first “Certified Retirement Communities” in Texas. It was named after Athens, Alabama, by one of the early residents who came from there.
Athens is located in central Henderson County at 32°12′10″N 95°50′57″W / 32.20278°N 95.84917°W / 32.20278; -95.84917 (32.202782, -95.849140).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (49.7 km), of which 16.8 square miles (43.6 km) are land and 2.4 square miles (6.1 km), or 12.32%, are covered by water. Lake Athens is a 1,799 acre reservoir located in the eastern half of the city.
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,710 people, 4,110 households, and 2,807 families residing in the city. The population density was 772.8 people per square mile (298.3/km²). There were 4,549 housing units at an average density of 311.2 per square mile (120.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.14% White, 19.23% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.17% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 17.37% of the population.
There were 4,110 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together,
15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau.
Of 4,110 households, 131 are unmarried partner households: 106 heterosexual, 14 same-sex male, and 11 same-sex female households. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,372, and the median income for a family was $35,359. Males had a median income of $27,388 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,561. About 14.7% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.