Baylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,726. Its county seat is Seymour. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1879. It is named for Henry Weidner Baylor, a surgeon in the Texas Rangers during the Mexican–American War.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 901 square miles (2,330 km), of which 867 square miles (2,250 km) is land and 34 square miles (88 km) (3.7%) is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, 4,093 people, 1,791 households, and 1,156 families resided in the county. The population density was five people per square mile (2/km²). The 2,820 housing units averaged three per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 3.35% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 3.32% from other races] and 1.15% from two or more races; 9.33% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 1,791 households, 25.2% had children under the age of 18 residing in them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were not families. In addition, 33.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the county, the population was distributed as 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,627, and for a family was $34,583. Males had a median income of $21,607 versus $19,571 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,384. About 16.1% of the population and 12.9% of families were below the poverty line, and 26.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
According to the 2000 census, 21.2% of those aged over 25 did not have a high school diploma, while 32.7% did. Roughly 8.7% of the population had a bachelor’s degree, 2.3% had a master’s degree, and 0.2% had a doctoral degree. No males had doctoral degrees, while 0.4% of females had one.