Brownwood is a city in and the county seat of Brown County, Texas, United States. The population was 19,288 at the 2010 census.
Brownwood is located south of the center of Brown County, west of the Pecan Bayou. It is bordered to the east by the city of Early. Several U.S. Highways pass through the city. Routes 84 and 67 lead west towards Bangs and Santa Anna. U.S. Route 377 leads southwest towards Brady. All three highways head east into Early, where 67 and 377 continue northeast towards Comanche, while 84 leads southeast towards Goldthwaite. Just over the city line in Early, U.S. Route 183 leads north 46 miles (74 km) to Cisco and Interstate 20, the closest Interstate highway.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Brownwood has a total area of 14.9 square miles (38.5 km), of which 14.8 square miles (38.4 km) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km), or 0.17%, is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, 18,813 people, 7,110 households, and 4,664 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,493.2 people per square mile (576.5/km²). The 8,169 housing units averaged 648.4 per square mile (250.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.74% White, 5.51% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 8.47% from other races]], and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 21.34% of the population.
Of the 7,110 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were not families. About 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city, the population was distributed as 27.5% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,325, and for a family was $33,991. Males had a median income of $29,090 versus $18,905 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,158. About 18.2% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.
Brownwood Texas neighborhoods include: 6th Street, Asbury, Brook Hollow to Wood Ave, Coggin Ave/Southside Dr, County Road 551/550, Dominion and McInnis Point, Elizabeth Drive, Flatrock/Elm-Oak/Road 588, Longhorn Ln, North Brownwood, Oak Forest Estates, Oaks East Coggin, Shamrock Shores Lake Side, Woodland