Damon is a census-designated place (CDP) in Brazoria County, Texas, United States. The population was 552 at the 2010 census. The town is located about 20 miles (32 km) south of Rosenberg on Texas State Highway 36. Damon sits partly atop a salt dome which was exploited for petroleum, sulphur, and limestone.
Damon is located in northwestern Brazoria County at 29°17′22″N 95°44′13″W / 29.28944°N 95.73694°W / 29.28944; -95.73694 (29.289519, -95.737038). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.394 square miles (3.61 km), all land.
Damon is 2 miles (3.2 km) from the San Bernard River and 8 miles (13 km) from the Brazos River. The community is between Needville in Fort Bend County and West Columbia in Brazoria County.
Damon is home to the highest point in Brazoria County, Damon Mound, rising 144 feet (43.9 m) above sea level.
The west part of the town sits atop Damon Mound, the surface expression of a salt diapir or dome. The plug of salt rises through geological formations of Tertiary geologic age. The top of the salt mass is about 500 feet (152 m) below the surface and above it are limestone, gypsum, and anhydrite. Petroleum was trapped around the salt dome in sandstone and limestone layers. Five million barrels of crude oil were extracted from 85 wells in the years up to 1924. In the year 1930 alone the mound yielded 224,000 barrels of oil.
As of the census of 2000, there were 535 people, 207 households, and 149 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 385.7 people per square mile (148.6/km²). There were 231 housing units at an average density of 166.5/sq mi (64.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.01% White, 1.31% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 21.12% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.10% of the population.
There were 207 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,111, and the median income for a family was $37,250. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,950. About 14.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.7% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2010 census, the total population was 552, with 280 males and 272 females. Of this population 25.9% was under the age of 18 and 12.9% was 65 years or older. The median age was 38.3 years. 83.7% of individuals identified themselves as White, 11.6% claimed “Some Other Race”, 3.6% identified two or more races, while the remainder were American Indian, Black or Asian. Persons who claimed to be Hispanic were 31.0% of the population.
Damon Texas neighborhoods include: Damon, Kings Oak, Oak Forest, Pecan Bend North, Woodward – College