Edcouch is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,161 at the 2010 census. It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.
Edcouch is located in eastern Hidalgo County at 26°17′40″N 97°57′48″W / 26.29444°N 97.96333°W / 26.29444; -97.96333 (26.294354, -97.963410), at the intersection of State Highway 107 and Farm to Market Road 1015. Its neighboring cities are Elsa to the west and La Villa to the east. Edcouch is 13 miles (21 km) east of Edinburg, the Hidalgo county seat, 22 miles (35 km) northeast of McAllen, and 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Harlingen.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Edcouch has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.7 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,342 people, 891 households, and 757 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,573.9 people per square mile (1,372.7/km²). There were 985 housing units at an average density of 1,053.3 per square mile (404.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.33% White, 0.63% African American, 0.63% Native American, 19.84% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 97.13% of the population.
There were 891 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.0% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.75 and the average family size was 4.13.
In the city, the population was spread out with 37.1% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $18,618, and the median income for a family was $20,208. Males had a median income of $18,708 versus $12,468 for females. The per capita income for the city was $6,096. About 43.4% of families and 48.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60.3% of those under age 18 and 37.6% of those age 65 or over.