Marshall is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County in northeastern Texas in the United States. It is a cultural and educational center and located in East Texas and the tri-state area. At the 2010 census, the population of Marshall was 23,523. The population of the Marshall Micropolitan Area, comprising all of Harrison County, was 65,631 in 2010.
Marshall is roughly 150 miles (240 km) east of Dallas, Texas and 40 miles (64 km) west of Shreveport, Louisiana. The intersection of US 80 and US 59 and the intersection of US 59 and Interstate 20 are located within the city limits of Marshall.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.7 square miles (76.8 km), of which 29.6 square miles (76.6 km) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km), or 0.22%, is covered by water.
Marshall is closer to the capitals of Arkansas (Little Rock, 217 miles (349 km)) and Mississippi (Jackson, 256 miles (412 km)) than it is to the capital of Texas (Austin, 275 miles (443 km)).
The city lies within the Eastern Interconnection rather than the Texas Interconnection, making it part of only 15% of the state to lie outside of that power grid.
The city is bisected along a north-south axis by East End Boulevard (US 59). The eastern half of the city is bisected along an east-west axis by US 80, which east of its intersection with US 59 is called Victory Drive and west of US 59 is named Grand Avenue. The Harrison County Airport and Airport Baseball Park are located to the south of Victory Drive off of Warren Drive.
To the west of US 59, south of Pinecrest Drive, are older suburbs; north of Pinecrest Drive, the oldest portion of the city stretches northward over seven hills. This portion of the city radiates out from downtown, which is centered on the Old Harrison County Courthouse in Peter Whetstone Square. Immediately to the north of the square is the Ginocchio National Historic District, where the city’s Amtrak station is located. This region of the city is bisected along an east-west by Grand Ave. (US 80). Spreading out from downtown is a belt of antebellum and Victorian homes centered on Rusk and Houston Streets.
To the west of downtown are some of the oldest African-American neighborhoods in Texas, centered on Wiley College. To the north of Grand Avenue (US 80) are neighborhoods that were built largely by employees of the Texas and Pacific Railway. In addition to the Ginocchio National Historic District, this part of the city is home to East Texas Baptist University, and four historic cemeteries: Marshall Cemetery, Powder Mill Cemetery, Greenwood Cemetery, and Marshall Hebrew Cemetery.
At the census of 2000, 23,935 people, 8,730 households, and 6,032 families resided in the city. The population density was 809.5 people per square mile (312.5/km²). The 9,923 housing units averaged 335.6 per square mile (129.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.7% White, 38.6% African American, <0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 4.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.6% of the population.
Of the 8,730 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were not families. About 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city, the population was distributed as 26.1% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,335, and for a family was $37,438. Males had a median income of $30,146 versus $21,027 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,491. About 17.8% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
Marshall Texas neighborhoods include: 80 and 59, Country Club Estates, Duncan, Estates Blvd, Harrington Road Hood, Henley Perry, Liberty, McClaran Heights, Pond Estates, Poplar St, Rural, Rusk – Fannin, Shadowood Lake, Slone Dr, Southern Manor, South Garrett, S.University N. Pinecrest, Victory – Harper