Palmer is a town in Ellis County, Texas, United States. It is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Its population was 2,000 at the 2010 census, up from 1,774 at the 2000 census.
Palmer is located in northeastern Ellis County at 32°25′46″N 96°40′8″W / 32.42944°N 96.66889°W / 32.42944; -96.66889 (32.429405, -96.669013). Interstate 45 passes through the east side of the town, with access from Exits 258 through 260; I-45 leads north 27 miles (43 km) to downtown Dallas and south 8 miles (13 km) to Ennis. Waxahachie, the county seat, is 11 miles (18 km) to the west.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km), of which 3.0 square miles (7.7 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km), or 1.04%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,776 people, 556 households, and 454 families residing in the town. The population density was 627.7 people per square mile (242.0/km²). There were 591 housing units at an average density of 209.1 per square mile (80.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.70% White, 1.80% African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 8.68% from other races, and 1.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.32% of the population.
There were 556 households out of which 44.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.55.
In the town, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,729, and the median income for a family was $44,922. Males had a median income of $29,695 versus $23,300 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,483. About 6.7% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.