Rosebud is a city in Falls County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,412 at the 2010 census.
Rosebud is located in southwestern Falls County at 31°4′31″N 96°58′32″W / 31.07528°N 96.97556°W / 31.07528; -96.97556 (31.075209, -96.975581). U.S. Route 77 passes through the center of town as 5th Street, leading north 36 miles (58 km) to Waco and south 15 miles (24 km) to Cameron. Texas State Highway 53 leads west 24 miles (39 km) to Temple, intersecting US 77 just north of Rosebud.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.77 square miles (2.0 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, 1,493 people, 571 households, and 379 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,919.2 people per square mile (739.0/km²). The 673 housing units averaged 865.1 per square mile (333.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.14% White, 18.29% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 19.16% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 29.74% of the population.
Of the 571 households, 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were not families. About 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city, the population was distributed as 28.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,063, and for a family was $33,300. Males had a median income of $25,662 versus $18,462 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,577. About 21.0% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 22.7% of those age 65 or over.