Sterling City is the county seat of Sterling County, Texas, United States. The city’s population was 1,081 at the 2000 census, but had dropped to 888 by 2010.
Sterling City is located on the Edwards Plateau in west-central Texas along the North Concho River at 31°50′21″N 100°59′9″W / 31.83917°N 100.98583°W / 31.83917; -100.98583 (31.839066, -100.985871). It is accessed by U.S. Highway 87 and State Highways 158 and 163, and covers area of 0.98 square miles (2.5 km²), all of it land.
Windmills have been a feature of Sterling City since the early twentieth century, when the town claimed to have more windmills per acre than any other place in the world, totaling some three hundred. Today most of Sterling City’s windmills are giant turbines in modern wind farms on a ridge about twenty miles northwest of the town and visible from U.S. Highway 87.
As of the census of 2000, 1,081 people, 393 households, and 297 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,105.9 people per square mile (425.9/km²). The 467 housing units averaged 477.7 per square mile (184.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.05% White, 0.09% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 14.80% from other races, and 2.59% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 33.30% of the population.
Of the 393 households, 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were not families. About 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city, the population was distributed as 29.6% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,359, and for a family was $38,958. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $18,654 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,955. About 14.3% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.